Images from Cuba's struggle for independence
José Martí | Antonio Maceo |
General Máximo Gómez | Mambises |
Leaders: Carlos Manuel de Céspedes | Juan Gualberto Gómez | Calixto García | José Maceo & Flor Crombet | Martín Morúa Delgado
Campos and Weyler | War | Havana Harbor | Reconcentrados | After the War
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes launched the official military quest for Cuban independence from Spain on October 12 1868. In a historic speech known as the Cry of Yara (el Grito de Yara), he freed his slaves, and, along with a handful of additional rich Cuban planters who did likewise, began what became the Ten-Year War. This day is celebrated in Cuba as the Day of Cuban Culture.